Floridian Nature

Learn about Florida's beautiful and unique nature.





Florida Frogs: Treefrogs
Florida's Cuban TreefrogCuban Treefrog- Cuban Treefrogs are now abundant in the state of Florida, although when first introduced, they were limited to the Florida Keys and the Miami-Dade area. Spreading rapidly through both south and central Florida, the Cuban Treefrog readily eats the smaller native frogs. After a rainy night, these frogs often call intensely in the wee hours of the morning until just before sunrise. Their call is a drawn-out nasal sound, usually repeated two or three times. Cuban treefrogs can change colors quickly from light gray to dark brown. This frog seems to be a favorite snack for many native snakes, including the garter snake and the hognose.

Florida Green TreefrogGreen Treefrog- The Green Treefrog is probably the most familiar treefrog in the state of Florida. This treefrog is common, fairly large, and it adapts to living near homes where it can search for food around windows and under outdoor lights at night. The Green Treefrog, or Cow-bell Frog, as it is sometimes called has a call that sounds like a ringing bell like sound. A chorus of many males together is nothing short of mind boggling, since each one of perhaps a hundred frogs might be calling at a slightly different pitch. Green Treefrogs breed in  water that is several feet deep in permanent ponds, instead of the shallow temporary ponds that most other Florida frogs use. Usually vivid green, the Green Treefrog can change to brown quickly. The well defined strip that runs the length of its side makes identifying the Green Treefrog easy.

Florida squirrel treefrogSquirrel Treefrog- The squirrel treefrog is highly variable in color and pattern, and may at any time be colored green, brown, or green and brown, and may be spotted or plain. Sometimes a dark spot or bar may appear between its eyes. A light stripe might also occur on the sides of its body. Its common name, "Squirrel Treefrog," comes from its scolding, squirrel-like raspy call, often emitted during rain storms. Generally, the squirrel treefrog prefers habitats that are moist, provide shade, and where  its preferred food source of insects are abundant. As their name suggests, treefrogs are well adapted to life in an arboreal environment. Their toes have adhesive disks that allow them to climb easily on bark or twigs. Treefrogs are usually found in habitats such as wet hammocks, marshes, mixed hardwood swamps, and cypress swamps.

Gray treefrog found in FloridaGray Treefrog- The Gray Treefrog's back is usually two-toned gray with a broad patch of darker gray at the center. However, it also has the ability to blend into its surroundings by changing colors from green, brown or white. It can be distinguished from other treefrogs by the bright yellow or orange of the inner thighs. The Gray Treefrog is found in northern Florida, as far down as Marion County in Florida. It lives in damp habitats, open parks, farmlands and cypress heads. Most of the time it can be found in trees or shrubs growing in or near water. The call of the Gray Treefrog lasts up to ten seconds and is a coarse, resonant trill.


Florida barking treefrogBarking Treefrog- The barking treefrog is so named because of it nine or ten syllable bark-like call. The barking treefrog is one of the larger, most stout and more spotted of all the tree frogs. Its coloring varies from dark brown, bright green, or pale yellow or grey, although some green coloring is evident throughout all color phases. It ranges in size from 2 to 2 5/8 inches. The Barking Treefrog can be found in sandy areas in pine savannas and in low wet woods and swamps. When inactive during cold or dry seasons,  the barking treefrog burrows under tree roots, vegetation, or in soil. This frog is otherwise mostly arboreal and thus dependent on trees near water.
 
pinewoods treefrog found in FloridaPinewoods Treefrog- The pine woods treefrog is similar in appearance to the squirrel treefrog, except that it has a row of small orange, yellow, or even whitish spots on the rear of the thigh that cannot be seen when the frog is at rest. This frog's toes are only slightly webbed, and it often breeds in temporary wetlands, including roadside ditches. The habitat of treefrogs includes moist wooded, swamps, and brushy areas. The Pinewoods Treefrog can be found in pine flatwoods, as well as marshes. As their name suggests, tree frogs are well adapted to life in an arboreal environment. Their toes have adhesive disks that allow them to climb easily on bark or twigs. The sporadic chattering call of the pine woods treefrog gives it the nickname "Morse-code frog." It can be heard from April to October.
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